October 3, 2011
Children Who Chase Lost Voices from Deep Below: Shinkai Is Not Miyazaki
I’m here to talk about how Shinkai Makoto is derivative. Just not in the way that everyone thinks he is.
The obvious criticism levied against him is that he borrows too heavily from Miyazaki. Which in his latest film, Children Who Chase Lost Voices from Deep Below, is somewhat true, but also short sighted. For Miyazaki himself is not innocent of drawing a bit too deeply from the wellspring of our collected aesthetic consciousness.
Like any other ambitious animator, Miyazaki started as a lowly grunt and worked his way up from thankless in-betweens, to key frame animation, character designer, and beyond. Along the way his aesthetic sense would be massaged by the senior staff and house style of the studio.
Ganba's Adventure (1975)
Nishimura Takayo, character designer and 2D animation director for Children, trained under Kabashima Yoshio, a contemporary of Miyazaki during his time at Toei Animation. Through the 70’s both men would be influenced by World Masterpiece Theater series, which adapted classic tales as family-oriented anime. Kobashima countered what he felt were stale retreads with original stories such as Ganba’s Adventure; Miyazaki would work on the Japanese retelling of Anne of Greene Gables before leaving Nippon Animation.
Anne of Green Gables (1979)
Shinkai has stated that the style of Children aims to emulate World Masterpiece Theater (fitting, given the 70’s setting), meaning that if the results look like Miyazaki, it’s because they’re drawing from the same inspirations. The same talent pool, as well. Many of the artists on the film, including background matte painters, have a history with Studio Ghibli. When you’re enlisting the same cooks with the same ingredients, it's inevitable that tastes blend. It all boils down to how your house tweaks the recipe.
Miyazaki built his career on parables of man vs. nature, progress vs. tradition, haves vs. have-nots. In contrast to this bevy of social messages, Shinkai comes off as introverted to the point of self-centeredness. Shinkai is primarily concerned with the distance between people, either the physical or mental, and the drama created in closing that gap. At the end of the day he doesn’t care if you’re a proletariat or bourgeoisie, so long as you’ve learned to love yourself.
Magical gemstones, luddite nostalgism, a young girl protagonist thrown out of her element in a fantastic world—All tropes Miyazaki has claimed a monopoly over out of repetition. Let’s be realistic—Even Miyazaki is aping his own style by this point.
Still, Shinkai declares his love for Laputa, perhaps a bit too loudly. But this is to overcompensate for his first nerd-crush that inspired him to join the industry: The PC-88 intro to Falcom’s action RPG, Y’s II.
Y's II Eternal (2001)
Here we see overlapping themes—Girl meets boy from another world, high fantasy and flying islands, mystical necklaces. Years later Shinkai would be given the opportunity to create the cinematics for the Windows remake where we see his lo-fi upbringing pushed to its artistic limits.
Speaking of borrowing from what you love, steampunk didn’t exactly originate in Japan, and girls were adventuring in Wonderland long before Chihiro. If you want to say that Shinkai’s films sprouted from Miyazaki’s, I’ll give you that. But you have to realize that Miyazaki’s world is firmly rooted in the works of another, the manga artist Morohoshi Daijiro.
Without any titles available on English, Morohoshi’s presence may not be obvious to western audiences. Following his 1970 debut in COM he quickly became the poster boy for manga connoisseurs, lauded by critics but only mildly successful in commercial magazines. Miyazaki is on record stating that Morohoshi's detailed yet lumpy line work inspired the sketchy penciling in the Nausicca manga. Dig deeper into Morohoshi’s themes and it becomes apparent that the director cribbed more than just his style.
Mud Men, based around creation myths of the eponymous tribe from Papa New Guinea and what happens when greedy outsiders anger the indigenous forest spirits, plays out like a gender-flopped version of Princess Mononoke.
Morohoshi is famous for weaving folklore into the every day, another technique unfairly attributed as a Miyazaki-ism. This influence is clearly present in Children as well. With Agartha, Shinkai attempts to tie world mythology together with a common thread that runs through underworld legends, while at the same time verifying them through the pseudo-science hollow earth theory.
At an earlier point down the same narrative vector, we have Morohoshi’s Dark Legend of Confucius, which connects the Brahmins of India, five element theory of China, and the historic first peoples of Japan through Ying-Yang dualism as a universal binary code that can be deciphered by analyzing the Analects of, you guessed it—Confucius.
Miyazaki builds new worlds of high fantasy from low technology. Shinkai and Morohoshi build upon existing worlds with high theological concepts.
I can't find my copy of Dark Legend to scan, so here's a clay model of the Jomon guardian spirit. (Source)
There’s also the striking visuals of Agartha. The terracotta structures populating the underground world are adorned with organic line work reminiscent of motifs from Japan’s pre-historic Jomon period. Once again, Morohoshi beat him to the punch by several decades with Ankoku Shinwa, or Dark Legend (no relation to Confucius this time), where Haniwa sculptures with Jomon patterns serve as the key to opening the forbidden lands underneath Kofun burial mounds. Not a glowing gemstone per se, though still a McGuffin cut from the same bedrock.
Nightgaunt by Rob Thomas
Traveling through an underground gate with a mythical key to usurp forbidden knowledge from the center of creation, all the while being pursued by faceless demons once the sun sets—Suddenly, Children sounds less like Laputa and more like Lovecraft’s The Dream Quest of Unknown Kadath. Just swap in Randolph Carter, the silver key, Nightgaunts, and the Plateau of Leng! You've already got the guardian cats and moon barges.
You can draw an unbroken line of influence from Shinkai to Miyazaki to Morohoshi to Lovecraft, and continue it onward to Lord Dunsany’s dream fiction and beyond should you be ambitious enough. My point—I don’t want to see Miyazaki become to anime what Tezuka is to manga: Omnipresent, over quoted, and unchallenged. Both artists are geniuses, but their image has grown to such titanic proportions that we overlook the giants whose shoulders they stand on.
If you want to criticize Children for being derivative, you should, because it is, but please keep in mind that the source material is also derivative in its own ways. The film has more pressing issues, such as the motiveless protagonist, visually striking though otherwise unmotivated journey across Agartha, and ending theme that is horrifically sincere in a way that only singer-songwriters can manage.
Despite some whiffs in the characterization and pacing, Children is still worth seeing, if just to track the growth of one of anime’s most interesting talents. Just leave your Ghibli bias at the door, as counter-intuitive it may feel at first.
October 2, 2011
(Simona Halep) that her 34DD Big burden too heavy,"I do not like them in their daily lives, but will be reduced to 34C cup breast. "
【】 Chest great dream of many girls, but there are also Female Hated his own impressive peaks, and then want to go to the fast. 18-year-old Romanian players in the game Halei Pu
(Simona Halep) that her 34DD Big burden too heavy, affecting the performance of the pitch, but will be reduced to 34C cup breast.
Romania Ha Leipu last summer to accept breast reduction surgery, rest for a while, but the surgery did not play an immediate effect, the current world number 114, she is still in the French Open first round Monday with Australia's Shituo Sha (Samantha Stosur).
The Battle of defeat. Huang negative fast-moving milk Ha Leipu Sea Mimi has attracted many male fans, but she ignored plead fans, decided to breast reduction. Big lead, she said she was serious back pain, so when she was playing veryComfortAlso affected her ability to move quickly, "I do not like them in their daily lives. Even if I am not a player will move breast reduction surgery."
Her first breast reduction female non-athletes. Australia's 400-meter hurdles female athletes Pittman - Rawlinson (Jana Pittman-Rawlinson) who have beauty breast augmentation, but for seeking to participate in the 2012 London Olympics, this year has surgery to remove breast implants. She said he was worried because of his vanity, the country lost the chance at Olympic medals,
"I like bigger breasts, but I do not want to owe Australia."
October 1, 2011
Here is your number one companion – cute, talented and loyal. He can sit, lie down and roll over. Try giving him a pet and watch how he responds. Keep your dog entertained by playing ball or giving him a bone. Reward him by giving him a treat. To get him to sit, double-click your mouse on the ground close to him. Double-click again to get him to lie down. Then hold your mouse button down and make a circular motion to tell him to roll over. You can make changes to the dog by clicking the edit settings link above. When you are finished, click the “Add to Google” button.
September 30, 2011
Google Scholar: Best of Halloween Lawsuits Re: 'Naked Halloween' ...'stickers spelled out "slut"' 'she had five alcoholic drinks'...'hospital nurses bras stuffed'...'Michael Myers mask shoot him in the head'
...stickers spelled out "slut" and made a statement to the effect that a Halloween costume...
...Michael Myers mask, from the movie "Halloween,"
stand over Buchanan and shoot him in the head...Later, while driving to the cornerstore, she saw a man in a Michael Myers "Halloween" mask. ...
- - How cited
- 493 So. 2d 835 - La: Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit, 1986 - Google Scholar
... number two. In this instance the attacker wore a Halloween mask which preventedthe victim from seeing his face. Victim ... Again, the intruder wore a Halloween mask
to prevent his victim from identifying him.
... SHORTESS, Judge. This suit arose from the unfortunate events of Halloween night in 1981. ...
... The facts that form the basis of the complaint are not disputed. On October 31, 2003, Judge
Ellender and his wife attended a Halloween party held at the 1921 Seafood Restaurant inreceived when she ran into a brick
wall inside of a Halloween haunted house operated by defendant. We affirm. ...
... principal. Mr. West also contends that the film, "Witchboard", was pertinent to topics
301 SW 3d 56 - Mo: Supreme Court, 2010 - Google Scholar
... In the second case, Charles Raynor, a convicted sex offender, challenges the constitutional validity
of section 589.426, which prohibits convicted sex offenders from going outdoors, turning on their
outdoor lights and handing out candy on Halloween, and which requires them to ...
Cited by 9 - Related articles
Mass: Appeals Court, 2010 - Google Scholar
... The nurses are not required to wear a uniform, but the dress code states that "[p]rovocative dress,such as clothing that displays images that could be upsetting, must be avoided." The hospital
staff have worn costumes on Halloween in the past, and the hospital has had ...Related articles
... have a sexual-assault examination. While in the hospital parking lot, SK told Kleffman
that she had consumed a large amount of alcohol on Halloween night and had becomeextremely intoxicated. SK reported that she "somehow ...
Halloween-related activities," provides: 1. Any person required ... of each year to: (1) Avoiddemystify the subject of sex offender
recidivism; not only do Halloween restrictions implicate fundamental rightsThe hospital staff have worn costumes on Halloween
in the past, and the hospital has held Halloween parties for the patients, which the
patients have attended in costume attire. On Friday, OctoberMich: Court of Appeals, 2010 - Google Scholar
... She then witnessed a man in a Michael Myers mask, from the movie "Halloween,"stand over Buchanan and shoot him in the head. ... Later, while driving to the corner
store, she saw a man in a Michael Myers "Halloween" mask. ...
Dist. Court, SD Texas, 2010 - Google Scholar
... Previously, she and her girlfriend had been at a Halloween block party where she had four or
five alcoholic drinks. ... Further, she did not try to escape because she was naked from the waistdown and did not think that she could get away, and any attempt to run would make ...
Related articlesDist. Court, SD New York, 2010 - Google ScholarDist. Court, D. Colorado, 2010 - Google Scholar
... to work with their bras stuffed and wearing name tags with the name "Anne," claiming that they
were dressing up as Plaintiff for Halloween. ... The plaintiff complained of a variety of conduct, ofwhich three incidents were graphically sexual: (1) a picture of a naked, obese woman ...
... The stickers spelled out "slut" and made a statement to the effect that a Halloween costume Ms.Sims had been wearing the previous day was ... blanket, or pillow," was "placed in a cell with asurveillance camera," and was "ogled" by a female guard while he was naked); Estrada v ...
I Watch Her Eat the Apple, and: Métis, and: If Eve Side-Stealer & Mary Busted-Chest Ruled the World, and: Hand-Me-Down Halloween
If Eve Side-Stealer & Mary Busted-Chest Ruled the World, and: Hand-Me-Down Halloween
I Watch Her Eat the Apple She twirls it in her left hand, a small red merry-go-round. According to the white oval sticker, she holds apple #4016.
- I’ve read in some book or other of four thousand fifteen fruits she held before this one, each equally dizzied by the heat in the tips of her fingers.
She twists the stem, pulls it like the pin of a grenade, and I just know somewhere someone is sitting alone on a porch, bruised, opened up to their wet white ribs, riddled by her teeth— lucky. With her right hand, she lifts the sticker from the skin. Now, the apple is more naked than any apple has been since two bodies first touched the leaves of ache in the garden. Maybe her apple is McIntosh, maybe Red Delicious. I only know it is the color of something I dreamt, something I gave to her after being away for ten thousand nights. The apple pulses...
“Some of us can see them with the naked eye,” said Wyatt on Halloween 2001 in an article in Florida Today. “But they're the ones that decide whether or not they want to be photographed. So, when you get one in a picture, essentially what you've photographed is the result of pure thought or consciousness.”