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October 15, 2009
Anonymous (group) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anonymous (used as a mass noun) is a label and Internet meme adopted within Internet culture to represent the actions of many online community users acting anonymously, usually toward a loosely agreed-upon goal. It is generally considered to be a blanket term for members of certain Internet subcultures.
Actions attributed to Anonymous are undertaken by unidentified individuals who apply the Anonymous label to themselves. After a series of controversial, widely-publicized protests and reprisal DDoS attacks by Anonymous in 2008, incidents linked to its cadre members are said to be increasingly common.
Although not necessarily tied to a single online entity, many websites are strongly associated with Anonymous. This includes notable imageboards such as 4chan and Futaba, their associated wikis, Encyclopedia Dramatica, and a number of forums.
Origins as a concept and a meme
The name Anonymous itself is inspired by the perceived anonymity under which users post images and comments on the Internet. Usage of the term Anonymous in the sense of a shared identity began on imageboards. A tag of Anonymous is assigned to visitors who leave comments without identifying the originator of the posted content. Users of imageboards sometimes jokingly acted as if Anonymous were a real person. As the popularity of imageboards increased, the idea of Anonymous as a collective of unnamed individuals became an internet meme.
Anonymous broadly represents the concept of any and all people as an unnamed collective. Definitions tend to emphasize the fact that the term cannot be readily encompassed by a simple definition, and instead it is often defined by aphorisms describing perceived qualities.
[Anonymous is] the first internet-based superconsciousness. Anonymous is a group, in the sense that a flock of birds is a group. How do you know they're a group? Because they're travelling in the same direction. At any given moment, more birds could join, leave, peel off in another direction entirely.
Anonymous consists largely of users from multiple imageboards and internet forums. In addition, several wikis and Internet Relay Chat networks are maintained to overcome the limitations of traditional imageboards. These modes of communication are the means by which Anonymous protesters participating in Project Chanology communicate and organize upcoming protests.
A "loose coalition of Internet denizens", the group is banded together by the internet, through sites such as 4chan, 711chan, Something Awful, Fark, Encyclopedia Dramatica, Slashdot, IRC channels, and YouTube.
Anonymous has no leader or controlling party, and relies on the collective power of its individual participants acting in such a way that the net effect benefits the group.
A common tactic of Anonymous is to claim during "raids" that they are the work of eBaum's World, a site highly detested by Anonymous for theft of content from other sites.
Anyone who wants to can be Anonymous and work toward a set of goals…We have this agenda that we all agree on and we all coordinate and act, but all act independently toward it, without any want for recognition. We just want to get something that we feel is important done…
Raids and invasions
The activities in this section were attributed to Anonymous either by their perpetrators or in the media. The actions taken by Anonymous do not seem to follow any single shared agenda. Those identifying with the term often take action simply for amusement. This is known within sites affiliated with Anonymous as "doing it for the lulz".
A popular target for organized raids by Anonymous is Habbo, a popular social networking site designed as a virtual hotel. The first major raid, known as the "Great Habbo Raid of '06", occurred on June 12, 2006. In the raid (and most others that occur), users signed up to the Habbo site dressed in avatars of a black man wearing a grey suit and an Afro hairstyle (in style of Samuel L. Jackson in the movie Pulp Fiction) and blocked entry to the pool, declaring that it was "closed due to AIDS", flooding the site with internet sayings, and forming swastika-like formations. When the raiders were banned, they complained of racism. In response, the Habbo admins often ban users with avatars matching the profile of the raiders even months after the latest raid.
Hal Turner raid
According to Turner, in December 2006 and January 2007, individuals who identified themselves as Anonymous took Turner's website offline, and cost him thousands of dollars in bandwidth bills. He retaliated by sending a "formal legal notice of criminal activity in violation of several federal laws" by email to 7chan, multacom, and multicom, as well as redirecting his domain to 420chan.org, causing that site to take a bandwidth hit as well. He also sued 4chan, 7chan, and other websites in court over copyright infringement. However, he lost his plea for an injunction and failed to receive letters from the court.
On January 14, 2008, a video produced by the Church featuring an interview with Tom Cruise was leaked to the Internet and uploaded to YouTube.  The Church of Scientology issued a copyright violation claim against YouTube requesting the removal of the video. In response to this, Anonymous formulated Project Chanology. Calling the action by the Church of Scientology a form of Internet censorship, members of Project Chanology organized a series of denial-of-service attacks against Scientology websites, prank calls, and black faxes to Scientology centers.
On January 21, 2008, individuals claiming to speak for Anonymous announced their goals and intentions via a video posted to YouTube entitled "Message to Scientology", and a press release declaring a "War on Scientology" against both the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center. In the press release, the group states that the attacks against the Church of Scientology will continue in order to protect the right to freedom of speech, and end what they believe to be the financial exploitation of church members. A new video "Call to Action" appeared on YouTube on January 28, 2008, calling for protests outside Church of Scientology centers on February 10, 2008. On February 2, 2008, 150 people gathered outside of a Church of Scientology center in Orlando, Florida to protest the organization's practices. Small protests were also held in Santa Barbara, California, and Manchester, England. On February 10, 2008, about 7,000 people protested in more than 93 cities worldwide. Many protesters wore masks based on the character V from V for Vendetta (who in turn was influenced by Guy Fawkes), or otherwise disguised their identities, in part to protect themselves from reprisals from the Church.
Anonymous held a second wave of protests on March 15, 2008 in cities all over the world, including Boston, Dallas, Chicago, Los Angeles, London, Paris, Vancouver, Toronto, Berlin, and Dublin. The global turnout was estimated to be "between 7000 and 8000", a number similar to that of the first wave. The third wave of the protests took place on April 12, 2008. Named "Operation Reconnect", it aimed to increase awareness of the Church of Scientology's disconnection policy.
On October 17, 2008, an 18-year-old from New Jersey described himself as a member of Anonymous, and he stated that he would plead guilty to involvement in the January 2008 DDoS attacks against Church of Scientology websites.
Epilepsy Foundation forum invasion
RealTechNews[unreliable source?] reported that the forum at the United Kingdom–based National Society for Epilepsy was also subjected to an identical attack. It stated that "apparent members of Anonymous" had denied responsibility for both attacks and posted that it had been the Church of Scientology who carried them out. News.com.au reported that the administrators of 7chan.org had posted an open letter claiming that the attacks had been carried out by the Church of Scientology "to ruin the public opinion of Anonymous, to lessen the effect of the lawful protests against their virulent organization" under the Church's fair game policy. The Tech Herald[unreliable source?] reported that when the attack began, posts referenced multiple groups, including Anonymous. The report attributes the attack to a group named "The Internet Hate Machine" (a reference to the KTTV Fox 11 news report), who claim to be part of Anonymous, but are not the same faction that are involved in the campaign against Scientology.
Some Anonymous participants of Project Chanology suggest that the perpetrators are internet users who merely remained anonymous in the literal sense, and thus had no affiliation with the larger anti-Scientology efforts attributed to Anonymous. During an interview with CNN, Scientologist Tommy Davis accused Anonymous of hacking into the Epilepsy Foundation website to make it display imagery intended to cause epileptic seizures. Interviewer John Roberts contended the FBI said that it "found nothing to connect this group Anonymous (with these actions)", and that it also has "no reason to believe that these charges will be leveled against this group". The response was that the matter was on the hands of local law enforcement and that there were ongoing investigations.
Defacement of SOHH and AllHipHop websites
In late June 2008, users who identified themselves as Anonymous claimed responsibility for a series of attacks against the SOHH (Support Online Hip Hop) website. The attack was reported to have begun in retaliation for insults made by members of SOHH's "Just Bugging Out" forum against 4chan's users. The attack against the website took place in stages, as Anonymous users flooded the SOHH forums, which were then shut down. On June 23, 2008, the group which identified themselves as Anonymous organized DDOS attacks against the website, successfully eliminating over 60% of the website's service capacity. On June 27, 2008, the hackers utilized cross-site scripting to alter the website's main page with satirical images and headlines referencing numerous racial stereotypes and slurs, and also successfully stole information from SOHH employees. This incident may have nothing to do with the group, Anonymous.
No Cussing Club
YouTube Porn Day
On May 20, 2009, members of Anonymous uploaded numerous pornographic videos onto YouTube. Many of these videos were disguised as children's videos or family friendly videos with tags such as "jonas brothers". YouTube has since removed all videos uploaded. The BBC contacted one of the uploaders who stated that it was a '4chan raid' organised due to the removal of music videos from YouTube. BBC News reported that one victim posted a comment saying: "I'm 12 years old and what is this?" which went on to become an internet meme.
KTTV Fox 11 news report
On July 26, 2007, KTTV Fox 11 News based in Los Angeles, California aired a report on Anonymous, calling them a group of "hackers on steroids", "domestic terrorists", and collectively an "Internet hate machine". The report covered an attack on a MySpace user, who claimed to have had his MySpace account "hacked" into seven times by Anonymous, and plastered with images of gay pornography. The MySpace user also claimed a virus written by Anonymous hackers was sent to him and to ninety friends on his MySpace contact list, crashing thirty-two of his friends' computers. The report featured an unnamed former "hacker" who had fallen out with Anonymous and explained his view of the Anonymous culture. In addition, the report also mentioned "raids" on Habbo, a "national campaign to spoil the new Harry Potter book ending", and threats to "bomb sports stadiums".
The day following the Fox report, Wired News blogger and journalist Ryan Singel derided the report, stating that the "hacker group" in fact consisted of "supremely bored 15-year olds", and that the news report was "by far the funniest prank anyone on the board has ever pulled off". In February 2008, an Australia-based Today Tonight broadcast included a segment of the Fox report, preceded by the statement: "The Church of Scientology has ramped up the offensive against Anonymous, accusing the group of religious bigotry and claiming they are sick, twisted souls."
Internet vigilantism reports
Chris Forcand arrest
On December 7, 2007, the Canada-based Toronto Sun newspaper published a report on the arrest of the alleged Internet predator Chris Forcand. Forcand, 53, was charged with two counts of luring a child under the age of 14, attempt to invite sexual touching, attempt exposure, possessing a dangerous weapon, and carrying a concealed weapon. The report stated that Forcand was already being tracked by "cyber-vigilantes who seek to out anyone who presents with a sexual interest in children" before police investigations commenced.
A Global Television Network report identified the group responsible for Forcand's arrest as a "self-described Internet vigilant group called Anonymous" who contacted the police after some members were "propositioned" by Forcand with "disgusting photos of himself". The report also stated that this is the first time a suspected Internet predator was arrested by the police as a result of Internet vigilantism.
Dusty the cat
In mid-February 2009, two videos featuring the physical abuse of a domestic cat named Dusty by a person calling himself "Timmy" were posted on Youtube. The 4chan community, most specifically Anonymous, were outraged by the abuse. A thread created to allow members of Anonymous to volunteer to track down the creator of this video was posted on both 4Chan and 7Chan to find "Timmy" and turn his identity over to law enforcement, if he declined to do it himself. Anonymous and the Internet Vigilante Group collaborated with one another to track down the originator of the videos. They identified him as K.G., a fourteen-year-old from Oklahoma, and they passed his details to his local police department. As a result of this the teen was arrested and eventually forced to pay a $500 fine. Dusty and a second cat, who was later found to have been abused in a second video, were treated by a vet, removed from the home permanently and later adopted by new families. In addition, Dusty the cat became an instant online celebrity as internet meme.
2009 Iranian election protests
Following allegations of vote rigging after the results of the June 2009 Iranian Presidential Elections were announced, declaring Iranian's Incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad as the winner, thousands of Iranians participated in demonstrations. Anonymous, together with the The Pirate Bay, launched an Iranian Green Party Support site Anonymous Iran. The site has drawn over 22,000 supporters world wide and allows for information exchange between the world and Iran, despite attempts by the Iranian government to censor news about the riots on the internet. The site provides resources and support to Iranians who are protesting.
In September 2009 the group reawakened "in order to protect civil rights" after several governments began to block access to its imageboards. The blacklisting of Krautchan.net in Germany infuriated many, but the tipping point was the Australian government's posturing as it planned to go ahead with ISP-level censorship of the internet. The policy was spearheaded by Stephen Conroy and had been driven aggressively by the Rudd Government since its election in 2007.
British Drug Smuggler’s Death Sentence, Netizen Reactions | chinaSMACK
Recently, a British drug smuggler’s death sentence was upheld by the Supreme People’s Court in China. News on Xinhuanet.com:
Death penalty on British drug dealer in line with Chinese law: spokesman
BEIJING, Oct. 13 (Xinhua) — Chinese court’s sentence of death penalty on a British drug trafficker is in line with Chinese laws, said a spokesman for China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Tuesday.
Akmal Shaikh, 53, male, was sentenced to death in the first instance trial by the Intermediate People’s Court of Urumqi Municipality in northwest China’s Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region on Oct. 29, 2008, said Ma Zhaoxu, spokesman for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at a regular news briefing.
The case is currently being reviewed by China’s Supreme People’s Court, Ma said.
“All the procedures have been in line with relevant Chinese laws. During the trial, The accused and the counsel had freely exercised their rights of defense, and translation service had been provided to the accused. His legal rights had been fully guaranteed,” he said.
According to Ma, the British embassy in China and a British organization had proposed to organize mental disease examinations on Akmal Shaikh, while offering no evidence that he may be suffering from mental disease.
The accused had said that he and his family members had no history of mental diseases, Ma said.
The case is under examination, he said.
So what do Chinese people think of the sentence online? A survey from Huanqiu.com shows that among the netizens who took the survey:
- 98.8% (3528 votes) support the Supreme People’s Court’s sentence;
- 96.7% (3737 votes) think the British media is interfering in China’s internal affairs.
In another survey that asks “What do you think of British media’s report on this incident”:
- 53.9% (1924 votes) think these reports show Britain still has an outdated colonial mindset;
- 30.1% (1074 votes) think the British media is using “human rights” as an excuse;
- 16.0% (569 votes) think they are sensationalizing this incident with malicious intentions.
English coverage can be found on Google News.
youtube 3d feature (yt3d:enable=true) - some issues - YouTube Help
youtube 3d feature (yt3d:enable=true) - some issues Report abuse
7/16/09right, first let me say this is a great new feature!! however it's "focus thru", more conventionally known as parallel, and crosseye modes are in fact reversed- parallel is crosseyed and crosseyed is parallel . Also, please add an interlaced option (otherwise known as field sequential), for those users with shutterglasses.
7/16/09I just discovered this YT3D feature.
As an amateur stereo3D filmmaker this feature is AMAZING ! True 3D video is finally coming on Youtube without having to make 10 different versions for each 3D display method ! Thank you Youtube !
Although it's not complete yet, it looks extremely promising so far.
I can't find any documentation about the YT3D stereoscopic tags, can anyone at the google/youtube labs give us more info on the state of the YT3D feature ?
Alpha/beta status, features to be added (interlaced/checkerboard displays ?), additional related tags. I noticed someone using an aspect ratio tag10 of 13 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoHello yuriythebest,
First off, thanks to you and the other stereoscopy fans in the community for the awesome videos and useful feedback.
I'm the developer working on the stereoscopic player as a 20% project. It's currently very early, hence the silly bugs like swapping the eyes for the anaglyph modes. A fix for this is in the works.
The current tags are provisional and may change or expand. They are:
yt3d:enable=true Enables the view mode. (obviously you've already discovered this)
yt3d:aspect=3:4 Sets the aspect of the encoded video.
yt3d:swap=true Swaps the left and right sources. You may need to add this to videos when the player with fixed anaglyph modes ships. Apologies for the inconvineince.
yt3d:left=0_0.1_0.5_0.9 and yt3d:right=0.5_0.1_1_0.9 These tags are very provisional and most useful for fixing up old videos. They set the source area for each eye as pairs of coordinates x1_y1_x2_y2. The scale of these coordinates is 0,0 for the the top left down to 1,1 for the bottom right.
Ideally you shouldn't use left and right. For the best quality make the sources as large as possible within the frame and set yt3d:aspect correctly.
Your feedback and suggestions are welcome, but as this isn't my primary project I can't promise a speedy turnaround with improvements.
Thanks again for the videos!
Pete24 of 25 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNothanks mister YouTube Pete!! Glad to know the bugs will be fixed- still, since there is some confusion of whether the uploaded videos should be in crosseyed or parallel and how they will work in the future, I will revert back to uploading videos the old fashioned way (anaglyph and crosseyed as 2 separate video uploads)
Can't wait for the bugs to be fixed then it'll be awesome! Also please add interlaced output, perhaps also a checkbox next to the viewing styles that allows you to swap left and right in case they are incorrect. Thanks again!!4 of 5 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoThank you Pete for your work and for the reply.
Just like Yuriy, i thought the 3D video input was in L|R pattern due to anaglyphs working well this way, and I thought the other outputs were swapped.
So you say that it should be the opposite : the default pattern is R|L pattern then, and the swap command is there in case we upload the opposite L|R pattern, is this correct ?
I notice that the Left and Right commands could also be used to make over/under input work. This is really nice, although a proper input tag would probably be better.
How about adding a dedicated tag : yt3d:input= LR / RL / overunderLR / overunderRL ?
I can't wait to see more 3D outputs supported. I own an interlaced (zalman) monitor and i would love to have it working in 3D straight from youtube.
Keep up the amazing work !4 of 6 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoThe anaglyph bug makes this confusing unfortunately. The following comments will hold once the fix is released. (I'll reply to this question when the fix is released).
The intention is that videos should be uploaded in crosseyed, but if you've got a video uploaded in parallel adding yt3d:swap=true will ensure the feature works correctly.
Interlaced is interesting, but I currently lack the equipment to test it.
As for the swap checkbox, I'd like to avoid having users alter settings to view individual videos. Ideally once the anaglyph issues are fixed swapping by viewers won't be needed.
Pete10 of 11 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNocool thanks for the quick reply! yt3d:swap=true seems like a very good idea since my first video that uses these tags is in parallel.
Actually the fact that the input format will be crosseyed is actually quite good- I have many many videos uploaded in crosseyed already and once the issue is resolved I'll add the yt3d tags to all of them! grand news!5 of 6 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoHi BlackSharkfr, thanks for your comments.
The input type argument would be clearer than the current setup, and would allow setup using a single tag.
By overunder do you mean a video where the inputs are arranged as below?
I'll read up about the zalman monitors.
Pete5 of 6 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoyeah over under is 2 images, one of top of the other, though to my knowledge no clear standard of whether L or R is on top- seems to be a matter of debate- but not too critical if the yt3d:swap=true is introduced
some over/under sample clips are here:
sample/index.htmlindeed : over/under is when the views are stacked vertically instead of the usual horizontal side by side stack.
Over/Under is usually preferred for HD footage in order to avoid getting insanely resolution >3000 pixels when stacking two HD images : some codecs and video players do not support such big resolutions.
Additionally, i found from my own tests that over/under seems to keep more quality when squeezing the two views in a single frame size.
The Zalman screen uses interlaced rows of polarizers (a technology usually called Xpol).
Every odd line of pixels on the screen goes to one eye, and every even line of pixels on the screen goes to the other.
I do not know if the Left and Right eye is standardized on Xpol displays so you may have to implement two output options for interlaced displays. (one where Left eye is odd lines, and an other where Left eye is even lines)
7/19/09Hi Pete :
I have just uploaded an other test clip using over/under input.
I used the left and right tags to tell the 3d player where to find the correct views.
My original video had some very nasty letterboxing so my xy values are a bit unusual but it works perfectly.
Please tell us as soon as you fix the inverted outputs so that we can remove the swap tag.
This feature become more and more amazing as i discover how to use it. Thank you Pete !
7/19/09I love this new feature!
Some support for Xpol-based displays (such as Zalman or Hyundai 3D screens) would be a great.
About anaglyphs, green/magenta glasses (green on left eye) are becoming fairly common, since they are supplied with 3D DVDs such as Journey to the Center of the Earth or Bloody Valentine. Some people might be interested in using them.4 of 5 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNo
7/20/09Youtube Pete, fantastic feature. To be completely clear, to get the best quality, your intended procedure for users is to upload their videos as side-by-side, scaled as large as possible (changing the aspect of the source if necessary), and then correcting the aspect through the tags, correct?I just want to clarify before I convert my videos to use this feature.youtube: ericderen3 of 3 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoHi philipp,
Pete has not published an official manual, we initially discovered the feature by copying what others did, until Pete came to give us more details.
You need to upload your left and right views stacked together horizontally in the same video frame.
I am not sure about the inner workings of the youtube re-encoding process so i do not know if it is better to upload il full resolution or to squash the videos in a standard frame. But both work thanks to the aspect tag.
You can stack the videos either in L|R pattern (parallel) or in R|L pattern (crosseyed).
According to what Pete said : the standard pattern should be R|L, but you can perfectly use L|R if you want, you just need to add the swap tag.
You can also use over/under (vertical stacking) patterns using the left and right tags (i made a test and it works) but since this is still beta, the tags are subject to change.
Once the video is uploaded you can change the tags at any moment, all the 3d conversion is performed on the fly when playing the video, just like in other stereoscopic player software.
I think that's about it.7 of 8 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNo@ericderen: Yes, that should give you the highest quality.@MarkRR: Embedding the 3D player is not currently supported. I'm unsure when this will be available.@Philipp: I think yuriythebest and BlackSharkfr have answered your questions. There's currently no help page as we're still ironing out the kinks in the player.As for tips on how to create good 3D videos, I think others on this thread have much more experience and expertise than me. Perhaps they'd be willing to share resource pointers or ideas about how to create good material?When experimenting I used a pair of small cameras screwed onto a metal bracket I found at a hardware store. To synchronize the left and right videos I clapped once just after I started recording and lined up the peak in the audio waveform in the video editing program to sync the video.I've been impressed by what the community's created so far, I'm looking forward to watching more stereo videos.Thanks!PeteP.S. Anaglyph fixes should be in by the end of the week.2 of 3 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNoHi romulusnr !
Pete wrote previously that Cross Eyed and Focus Thru are actually technically correct, but the anaglyph ones have eyes swapped.
Pete will correct this soon, but until then we swapped eyes on all our videos so that the anaglyphs are right : some anaglyph glasses are hard plastic and cannot be reversed like cardboard anaglyph glasses, so we prefer this temporary inversion (which accidently inverts crosseye and focus through) which we will remove when Pete will update the player.Hello all,The fix for the eye swapping in the colored glasses modes has just gone live. If you've optimized/tested your video using glasses you may have to add or remove the yt3d:swap=true flag to get your video working correctly again. Apologies for the inconvenience.There's also a first pass at Green / Magenta glasses support. Comments welcome!Pete2 of 3 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNo
7/21/09I believe you need Adobe Flash Player 10 for this.Under Mac OS X Tiger with Safari 4, Flash Player 9 and ClickToFlash, it did not work, without a warning.Under Firefox 3.5, I got a message in a yellow banner below the video: "In order to view 3D content, you need to have the latest version of Adobe's Flash Player. Get the latest Flash player."
7/21/09Hello all,> Joris, Yes. I can confirm that I needed to upload my flash player to latest version in order to make it work.Well! Quite something we've got here... Keep up the good work YouTube Pete :)By the way, will such a functionality be available so everyone can provide some on the fly 3D streaming on their own platform?> It's not like I'm not a YouTube user but I also feel like expressing my point as a developper & open source supporter.Apart from this kind of consideration, I do think that Google always payed attention to the fact that there was no better way to spread and acknowledge a given technology than by sharing it.Regards.Hey Guys,
I know of an Israeli Company named "Taatua" that has been developing such a 3D solution for real time systems.
I have seen a few samples and the result is surprisingly really good.
Has anyone else heard of them?? Pete, have you been in touch with them?
E1 of 2 people found this answer helpful. Did you?Report abuseYesNo
7/21/09great work youtube pete!i uploaded a video and it works really well, though it seems to work at a slower frame rate when in full screen mode. i wonder if it's only on my computer.http://www.youtube.com/watch?