The Army Air Corps
written by Capt. Robert Crawford
Alvino Rey & His Orchestra
Bill Schallen with The King Sisters, vocals
recorded 27 January 1942
originally issued in 1942 as Bluebird B-11476 issued here on V-Disc No.6B, circa 1943
All gave some and some gave all
. . .
it is to you that this video is dedicated!
In 1937, Army Air Corps second-in-command Hap Arnold persuaded his superior, Oscar Westover, that airmen needed a song reflecting their unique identity, and proposed a song competition with a prize to the winner. However, the Air Corps had no control over its budget, and could not give a prize. Liberty magazine stepped in, offering a purse of $1,000 to the winner.
Around 757 compositions were entered, and evaluated by a volunteer committee chaired by Mildred Yount, the wife of a senior Air Corps officer, and also featuring several distinguished musicians. The committee had until July 1939 to make a final choice. However, word eventually spread that the committee found no songs that satisfied them, despite the massive number of entries. Arnold, who took over command of the Air Corps in 1938 after Westover was killed in a plane crash, solicited direct inquiries from contestants, including Irving Berlin, but not even Berlin's creations proved satisfactory. Just before the deadline, Capt. Robert Crawford entered his song, which proved to be a unanimous winner.
The V-Disc project actually began in June 1941, six months before the United States' involvement in World War II, when Captain Howard Bronson was assigned to the Army's Recreation and Welfare Section as a musical advisor. Bronson suggested the troops might appreciate a series of records featuring military band music, inspirational records that could motivate soldiers and improve morale.
Meanwhile, the American Federation of Musicians, under the leadership of James Caesar Petrillo, were involved in a major recording strike against the four major record companies. This continued until the intervention of recording pioneer George Robert Vincent, who was at that point a lieutenant. On October 27, 1943, Vincent convinced Petrillo to allow his union musicians to record sides for the military, as long as the records were not offered for purchase in the United States. From that moment on, artists who wanted to record now had an outlet for their productivity - as well as a guaranteed, receptive, enthusiastic worldwide audience of soldiers, sailors and airmen.
The V-Discs were an instant hit overseas. Soldiers who were tired of hearing the same old recordings were treated to new and special releases from the top bands of the day. And such a varied selection - big band hits, some swing music, classical performances from the top symphonies, a little jazz here and there, even some marching music to keep Major Bronson happy.
V-Discs stayed in production until 1949, providing entertainment to soldiers stationed overseas as part of the Marshall Plan.
After the V-Disc program ended in 1949, the Armed Services set out to honor the original AFM request that the records not be used for commercial purposes. Original masters and stampers were destroyed. Leftover V-Discs at bases and on ships were discarded. On some occasions, the FBI and the Provost Marshal's Office confiscated and destroyed V-Discs that servicemen had smuggled home. An employee at a Los Angeles record company even did some jail time - his crime was the illegal possession of over 2500 V-Discs.
The man watching is Robert Benchley.
well, if you look at his wheel areangment, the changed him. Here he is an 2-4-0 with the main rod on the forward driving wheel...in the circus he is still a 2-4-0, but his rod arangment changed to the back wheel! also his bell is in a difrent spot and he became more stubby!
Actually, he didn't have a bell in Dumbo. And he also didn't have a front cab window either.
actually, he did have a front cab window in Dumbo.
Also, his whistle was changed. In this video, he had a more deep toned whistle, In Dumbo, he had a peanut like whistle.